Re-tipping a cue

There is no reason you should not be able to re-tip your own cue. It is neither a black art nor difficult. Below is the method I use – that’s not to say it is the only way, but it is the one I find the simplest and most reliable. Bear in mind I don’t just re-tip a few cues a year but hundreds if not thousands! Right off the bat, let me say this is for standard tips like blue diamond, elkmaster, blue crown, tweetens etc. not the latest super duper 30 quid a pop 3-toed ant eater leather or leather from a 1920s Rolls Royce Silver Wraith. (I’ve nothing against them some people swear by them – some just swear at them!)

Firstly after removing the old tip (if it’s not fell off already) carefully file the end of the cue down using a fine metal file, keeping the file square with the cue end – make sure you remove any old traces of glue. It is essential the end of the cue is flat and square, close one eye and look across the top of the cue rotating the cue at the same time if you are unsure how flat it is.

Now take a tip of slightly larger size than the end of your cue, using fine or medium sand or emery paper sand the back of the tip down – the reason for this is most tips are slightly concave and if you don’t sand it the odds are it will come straight off or at best sound hollow when striking the ball. It’s fairly obvious when it’s sanded properly the tip will have sanding marks across the whole diameter.

Now we come to the type of glue to use – I prefer superglue gel slightly thicker than standard superglue and a bit easier to apply than the watery stuff. Just a dab on top of the cue sufficient to cover the complete cue end (don’t overdue it or you will find your fingers and everything else will also stick to the cue.) Carefully place the tip on top of the cue making sure the tip is central and press down firmly. I usually tap the tip down with a small hammer or upend the cue and press down on a hard floor surface. You should not incidentally score either the cue end or the tip to rough the surface up to get more grip – superglue is an anaerobic product meaning it sticks in the absence of oxygen so the flatter and smoother the surfaces the better. It’s good stuff – jumbo jets are glued together with it though probably with a stronger version – I hope so anyway!

To trim the excess tip off, upend the cue on a block or piece of wood and carefully pare it down with a sharp and I do mean sharp craft knife. You can use a fine file to finish though careful use of the knife is usually sufficient. Don’t be tempted to use sandpaper in a downward motion as you will be slowly thinning the cue down – it may not be that noticeable but it’s surprising how quickly this thinning process can occur.

Problems – occasionally the glue just won’t seem to stick, if this happens very slightly dampen both the cue end and the tip and try again. Persist and it will stick!

There are other glues and tip cements but they nearly all require either a cue clamp or need leaving overnight to cure, superglue you can pretty much play straight away.

Snooker table Diners

There are a number of snooker/dining tables which, as the name implies, have a dual purpose. Now it may seem just a case of adding a dining top to a snooker table right?

Not quite that simple as most snooker tables have deep side rails (you can’t get chairs underneath them!) and in any case dining height is some 4/5 inches lower. So manufacturer’s like Riley’s came with up with a clever dual height adjustment system.

One of these simple but ingenious brass and steel slides placed at each corner, simply lifting the table up locking it off at the higher height, lifting again lowers the table back to dining height. Narrow frame rails mean chairs fit underneath with clearance for peoples legs. These tables go from 5ft, 6ft, 7ft, 8ft – 8ft being the largest stock table, capable of allowing dining for 8/10 people.

6ft x 3ft Riley Snooker Diner

There are a rare number of 9ft snooker diners out there but the problem with these is they are sectional slate beds as 8ftx4ft is the largest available single piece of slate, so are very heavy and difficult to lift into position, requiring constant leveling.

There are other rare wind up tables and roll-over tables where the entire centre section spins over, however these are not a particular favourite of mine as it’s possible to trap a hand or finger in them, also the added extra width of the external frame can hinder play.

8ft Rollover Snooker Diner

Most unusual tables!

Most people know about snooker and pool tables but there are many others out there such as circular tables some which revolve, “L” shape tables, bar billiard tables, baggatele tables, 3 cushion or canon tables with no pockets – scoring is by canons only.

A full size snooker table is 12ft by 6ft but there are a few larger tables out there built in the early 1800s, often just to show off or to fill a large room – tables up to 15ft in length are not unknown!

I have personally come across a 14ft x 6ft 6inch table, which created a problem as the cloth is made to fit 6ft wide tables. By the time we had finished it was probably the tightest cloth in the country! Even now after over 40 years in the trade we come across tables we have never seen before, sometimes from makers we have also never heard of. In the early days tables were often commissioned by wealthy clients using furniture companies, not just billiard table makers, so there are a lot of one-offs out there. Often a furniture company would be commissioned to build the whole billiard room including all paneling, furniture and fixtures and fittings.

Types of Cloths

There are basically two types of cloth fitted to snooker and pool tables. Either napped or directional cloth (like dralon – smooth one way with resistance the other way) or nappless cloth often referred to as “speed cloth”. Snooker tables are normally fitted with a napped cloth whereas pool tables can be fitted with either napped or nappless cloth.

Napped cloths allow more control of the cue ball due to the extra grip, whereas nappless cloths are faster but offer less cue ball control.

American pool tables are usually covered with speed cloth. Napped cloths are available in several different grades for heavy duty use, through to superfine finish competition grades. There are not nearly so many grades in speed cloths.

ALL SLATE tables!

Most people know the bed of a snooker table is made of slate, with the frames and cushions being constructed of timber. However in the mid 1800s a firm by the name of E.G. Magnus made quite a few tables with slate being used for the frame and cushions!! Many were shipped to tropical countries due to termite and beetle attacks on the timber. Wooden frame tables often had plates of paraffin placed underneath them which due to the smell was hardly an ideal solution.

There are some very notable tables both in Queen Victoria’s Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and Penrhyn Castle, Bangor, North Wales – though this particular table has a mystery surrounding the actual maker. These tables have enamel paint and inlays applied to the rather dull slate surface to enhance their appearance.

I have only ever come across one of these tables in the UK which we had to move to a new site. Weighing in at over 3.5 tons (normal tables weigh around 1.5 tons) it was a very difficult, long job, bearing in mind slate doesn’t bounce well! Drop one of the legs or frame parts and it’s game over as slate just shatters into thousands of little pieces. There are a few parts of slate framed tables made of timber such as the cushion cappings but even the internal bearers on this particular table were made of slate. Rare beasts indeed.

2019 Championship pockets?

I am sure we have all seen shots on the televised competition tables that would never have gone in on our club tables?

Well firstly you are seeing shots from angles on TV that you don’t normally see – the recent innovation of slow motion also adds to the confusion.

There is no doubt championship pockets have been getting more generous in the last few years – an admission of this is the tightening of the middle pockets in this year’s 2019 World Snooker Championship, though the corners remain easy compared to many much older club tables.

There were over 100 centuries in this years tournament, beating the previous record of 86 which is quite telling. Certainly the large number of competitive competitions has raised the players standard but the pockets do play a part. Ultimately, it’s down to television and the sponsors, big breaks make good TV and easier pockets bring lesser known players into the game giving them a chance against the better players.

That’s in no way to decry the ability of the top players – if pockets were 3 times the size on my local club table and I practiced 8 hours every day I would never get anywhere the standard of the top 100 players, I know, I’ve tried!

As a final note there is talk of tightening the pockets up a bit more next year, we shall have to wait and see!

Why do two identical tables play differently?

You’ve probably noticed that even in a snooker hall with several seemingly identical tables, they all tend to play slightly differently?

The answer is in the materials used to construct a snooker table. Almost every part is made from natural materials, the frame and side rails are wood, the bed is slate, cushions are rubber, cloth is wool, pocket nets are cotton, pocket plates are covered in leather. All these natural substances vary slightly.

The most significant factor is the cloth made from sheep’s wool. Now to you and I all sheep might look alike, but they are not. They are individuals just like us – hence the quality of the wool varies season by season, certain weather conditions make the wool much finer, which makes for a better quality cloth. We usually try to select a roll of cloth with a finer finish if possible but even then it can vary over the individual roll. Even the championship tables with their heaters, air conditioning etc. don’t provide the same conditions every time.

The cloths in major tournaments are often changed after every round or even every session, and players will take time to adjust to different speeds and rolls of the cloth.

Billiards or Snooker Table?

I am often asked if a particular table is either a billiard or snooker table – simple answer is they are both the same. So how come the confusion?

Originally the game of Snooker didn’t exist but Billiards did – played on a Billiards table. With the advent of Snooker and its increasing popularity, due in no part to it being an easier game to play (Billiards is difficult to become proficient at), people began to call them Snooker tables.

Though the dimensions of the tables and materials has remained the same, there are some differences between older tables and more modern ones. The pockets on older pre-1900s tables tend to have tighter pockets and the pocket plates, especially the middles can be quite close to the slate fall, often making power shots “jump” back out on to the table bed!! Later tables have easier pockets with the plates set further back.

The standard size of a full size snooker table is 12ft by 6ft 1.5 inches. This is the size of the slate bed, the actual playing area is less as the cushions project inwards over the slate. The overall size is slightly larger as the cushion timber projects outwards from the bed. The cushions are “T” shaped in section.

During the 1980s there was an attempt to produce a standard metric size table – however, rather than just use metric measurements to match the imperial sizes, these were made 3 inches shorter and 1.5 inches less in width, no idea why, but they did not prove popular though quite a few were made. We usually only notice these tables when marking them out only to find the blue spot way out of line with the centre pockets!

Attempts have been made to replace the beds with steel [rust stains the cloth], concrete [almost impossible to get level], glass ([too expensive], plastics [not heavy enough and prone to warp]. So slate continues to be used as it is heavy, relatively easy to machine and provides a very hard smooth flat surface. Because the grain of slate runs sideways it does not warp or sag so long as it’s thick enough.

A little bit of history …

Brian John Anthony – the current owner, is one of the original founders of Anthony and Pykett, along with Michael Pykett. He has this to say about his time in the snooker business:

When we first started, both myself and Mick were working at Elston & Hopkins – an old, very well established company in Nottingham. We decided to go it alone, nothing wrong with Elstons – they were a fantastic company to work for. John Hopkin, the owner was as good a boss as you could ever get. We just felt we had gone as far as we could with this particular company. The early years were hard, working from a selection of rather dim double garages, before finding success as the snooker boom took off in the 1970s and ’80s finally finishing up with our own large workshops in Old Nottingham Road, Basford.

Expansion continued into the 1980s with the opening of two snooker clubs both in Leeds at Crossgates and Woodlesford snooker centres.

When we opened Woodlesford we had a very shy young 17 year young man playing in an exhibition – I think it cost about £700 which seemed a fortune then! That young man’s name – Stephen Hendry. I doubt we could get him for 20 times that now.

However we could see the writing on the wall – there were so many clubs opening – 6 clubs opened up, all within a few miles radius of our own. The same was happening throughout the whole country. The bubble had burst, we sold both clubs and got out just in time.

As clubs went out of business, work declined, all those companies who had moved in when the snooker boom took off were scrambling for survival. Whilst we managed to survive, much to my regret my partner Mick decided he’d had enough and moved on successfully to pastures new. With an amicable split I retained the Anthony and Pykett name.

Whilst I have other business concerns including a modest collection of classic cars and motorcycles, along with property interests, the snooker business still has a special place in my heart. You are always somewhere different – you can be in a mansion one day and a prison the next and the satisfaction of a job well done with a happy customer has never left me – Brian Anthony

Table level

There’s a misconception about snooker tables that they must be perfectly level. Whilst a good fitter will always get the table as level as possible, you should note the expression used by fitters is “to level table to best advantage”. This is because a perfectly level set of slates is quite a rare thing – if you spend enough time slowly rolling balls all around a snooker table the odds are you will find an area with a small amount of “drift”. This is not just down to the slate but also the cloth as different areas wear at dissimilar rates – the black spot end gets more use, so gets more finger, scuffs and tracking marks. New cloths can also cause minor movement due to the finishing process.

The nap of the cloth which runs from the Baulk or D end of the table also plays a part, balls going against the nap from the black end to the baulk end when played slowly will drift slightly, a pink potted into the yellow pocket will drift to the left – so on a slow shot aim for the inner jaw of the pocket. A pink potted into the green pocket will drift right so again aim for the inner jaw. It’s the same with potting a ball from the pink spot area – aim at the far jaws.

I should point out this only happens at slow speed and modern cloths have very fine naps, some of the older heavier napped cloths could roll several inches when played slowly against the nap of the cloth.

Incidentally this is why potting a ball along the baulk cushion is harder than potting a ball along the black spot end cushion as the nap can push the ball away from the baulk cushion. At the black end the nap helps the ball stick to the cushion. If you run your hand down the table from the D end to the black spot, the cloth will feel smooth, run your hand the other way you will feel the nap of the cloth a bit like dralon. This is assuming the cloth is not completely worn out of course!